Melanin is a hormone that decides the color of our skin. The more it is in your body, the darker skin and eye color you get. But sometimes the excessive and unnatural amount of melanin can darken a certain part of your face. This pigmentation on face is not just about skin color, it can also be a reason for serious skin damage. There can be many causes that can trigger this hyperpigmentation.
Causes of hyperpigmentation
Though the doctors can explain you in a better way, this write-up can give you a perspective.
Sun exposure and hyperpigmentation
The number one cause of excessive pigmentation on face is sun exposure, as first of all melanin formation is caused by sunshine. By shielding you from harming UV rays, melanin works as the natural sunscreen of your skin, which makes individuals soak in the sun. but excessive sunburn can lead to hyperpigmentation. This can lead to age spots also.
Hyperpigmentation and hormones
A particular kind of hyperpigmentation called melasma or chloasma is mostly due to hormonal conditions. It is frequent especially in women and is supposed to arise when women's sex hormones estrogen and progesterone boost overproduction of melanin when skin is exposed to the sun. So, hormonal imbalance can also lead to hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation and age
As age increases, the number of cells (known as melanocytes) which produce melanin declines, but the remaining cells are increased in size and dispersion. These changes in physiology explain the growth in the number of age groups of over 40. You may learn more about the aging of your skin.
Hyperpigmentation, disease, and medication
It is recognized that some diseases and medicines induce pigmentation on face. Some diseases include autoimmune, gastrointestinal problems, metabolic disorders, and vitamin deficiencies are symptomatic as well. Certain treatments such as chemotherapy medicines, antibiotics, antimalarial products, and seizure medicines might potentially induce it.
You can do home therapy to treat the excessive pigmentation on face but if you listen to your dermatologist, they will always recommend laser therapy to treat the problem. First, your laser specialist will ask some relevant questions concerning your recent medical record, to make sure there are no treatment incompatibilities. At that time, you can precisely tell us what coloring you wish to cure. The technician will explain your treatment needs. The region of the therapy will be cleaned and treated. Your technician will discuss the therapy to ensure that no surprises are experienced.
Wearing protective glasses during the removal of laser pigmentation is essential. You can still see a flash of light, but your eyes are fully covered. The laser technicians also wear glasses for protection. During treatment, clothes are covered in all regions of the body which are not lasered. Only the laser therapy regions are revealed. We are constantly aware of your comfort and peace of mind; we are going to let you know what to expect in advance.
Depending on the treatment region, the therapy can be carried out in no more than 15 minutes. In most individuals, the therapy receives little pain. You may feel some discomfort following treatment, although usually, patients report redness, minor swelling, and/or soreness in the therapy region, which is quick to diminish. Depending on the scope of the treatment, the reaction after treatment varies from patient to patient.
Technicians may ask for freshly showered or bathed with completely clean skin, without lotions, oils, creams, or fragrances of any kind before coming in. If you have hair on the pigmented area then it is recommended to shave the area before coming in for the treatment. Use sunscreen with at least SPF 30 to avoid further sun damage. Follow the directions advised by the technicians on your laser consultation for any oral prescription drugs. Contact our office before your visit if you are taking new or changing medicines including antibiotics. You may feel a little bit of discomfort after the laser treatment but the result will last for a long time.
This is roughly all the information about pigmentation on face roughly. You can get more details from your dermatologist. If you are suffering from hyperpigmentation then you should not waste any more time getting pigmentation treatment from a trusted place in an instant.